Application in Environment Impact Analysis

EIA is an important policy initiative to conserve natural resources and environment. Many human activities produce potential adverse environmental effects which include the construction and operation of highways, rail roads, pipelines, airports, radioactive waste disposal and more. Environmental impact statements are usually required to contain specific information on the characteristics of environmental impact. The applications of GIS in EIA include: 

  • Topography
  • Land Use mapping
  • Hydrology
  • Soil
  • Geology
  • Hydrogeomorphology
  • Elevation
  • Slope
  • Localities
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